The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990 includes national planning and preparedness provisions for oil spills that are similar to SARA Title III provisions for extremely hazardous substances. Plans are developed at the local, state and federal levels. The OPA plans offer an opportunity for LEPCs to coordinate their plans with area and facility oil spill plans covering the same geographical area.
The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments require EPA and OSHA to issue regulations for chemical accident prevention. Facilities that have certain chemicals above specified threshold quantities are required to develop a risk management program to identify and evaluate hazards and manage those hazards safely. Facilities subject to EPA’s Risk Management Program rules must submit a Risk Management Plan (RMP) summarizing its program to EPA. If the facility will respond to a release, they must coordinate the RMP with the LEPC off-site emergency response plan. If the facility will not respond to a release, then facilities that have toxic chemicals must assure that their facility is included in the LEPC off-site emergency response plan, and facilities that have flammable substances must assure coordinated response actions with the local fire department.